First of all, there are six main types of Aboriginal weapons. These are spears, spear throwers, clubs, shields, boomerangs, and sorcery. Aboriginal weapons are collectible. Some can be quite valuable.
Collectable value depends on age rarity condition and beauty.
Many aboriginal weapons are for hunting as well as warfare. A boomerang or spear thrower can be used to either hunting game or fighting. Shields and clubs are for warfare.
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There is a vast variation in size, form, decoration, and function of Australian Aboriginal Weapons. This variation reflects the social and cultural diversity of Aboriginal people. Australian Aboriginals had over 200 languages.
In some regions, large boomerangs were the preferred weapon. In other areas, clubs and parrying shields were favored.
Aboriginal Weapons Spears
Aboriginal weapon Spear throwers
The aboriginal spear thrower is an ingenious device. It allows a spear to propelled far further than it could by hand alone. There were six main types of spear thrower in Aboriginal Australia. Details of Spear thrower types are in my article Aboriginal spear throwers. Many spear throwers used for hunting bigger game animals could also be used in tribal fighting. Some spear throwers were even used to deflect incoming spears. Incised spear throwers are more valuable than plain ones.
Aboriginal weapons shields
Aboriginal shields are the most collectible of all the aboriginal weapons. This is because they are often covered in intricate designs and show the highest levels of workmanship.
There are seven main types of Aboriginal shield. There is two main category of shield types. They were either designed to block projectile weapons like spears or boomerangs or to parry a blow from a club.
Design workmanship and rarity greatly affect the value of a shield. Some shields were made as tourist items. These tend not to be very valuable.
Aboriginal Weapons Boomerangs
Many boomerangs were predominantly for hunting game. Some boomerangs were specifically for Warfare. Most noteworthy is the number 7 or killer boomerang from Central Australia. The design is to hook onto opponents parrying shield and swing in behind it. The Lake Eyre fighting boomerangs can be up to 2 meters long are for close quarters combat.
There are 12 main categories of the Aboriginal boomerang. These are covered more in a separate article.
Some boomerangs are far more collectible than others. Rare forms of the boomerang and those with great designs are most sort after.
Three main categories of Aboriginal Clubs are for warfare. Throwing Clubs were lethal projectiles and made specifically to throw. Sword clubs are flat in profile and bludgeoning clubs. There is a large variety of Aboriginal clubs . These are in a separate article and from different regions. Aboriginal clubs vary from not very collectible sticks with a crudely cut hand grip to intricately carved weapons with wonderful forms.
Sorcery as a Weapon
In western society, we do not think of sorcery as a weapon but in Aboriginal Australia it was deadly. There were many different cultural practices most of which are secret or sacred. These will not be discussed here. Two well-known weapons related to sorcery are the pointing bone and Kadiache shoes. Firstly the pointing boned if pointed at someone would cause them to grow sick and then die. Another weapon associated with sorcery is the Kadaicha Shoes. They are a stealth weapon which allowed the wearer to leave no footprints. A feather foot or Kadaicha man could enter a sleeping campsite, kill you and leave without a trace.
Some Examples of Collectable Aboriginal Weapons
Commonly Asked Questions
What is an aboriginal Woomera?
An Aboriginal woomera is another name for an Aboriginal Spearthrower. The word “woomera” comes from the Dharug language of the Eora people near Sydney New South Wales.
What is the Nulla Nulla?
The Nulla Nulla is another name for an aboriginal club used for fighting and hunting. The word Nulla Nulla was first recorded in 1830–40.
What is a Waddy?
A waddy is another term used for an aboriginal club. Waddy tend to be heavier and used for fighting.
What did aboriginal use the boomerang for?
Aboriginals used boomerangs for hunting and fighting.